Environmental Law in Singapore

In a world of rapidly worsening environmental conditions, and amidst a growing urgent interest in best practices for addressing the crisis, Singapore is often lauded for its exemplary approach to environmental management, and its environmental law is sometimes credited for this achievement. However, while Singapore’s environmental laws have contributed to progress towards sustainable development, there is room for improvement. Environmental Law in Singapore is the first and only textbook on Singapore environmental law. It is an essential reference written for legal practitioners in and outside Singapore; researchers and students; as well as businesses, civil society and policy makers who want to gain a more comprehensive and detailed understanding of the subject. The book explains the subject in the context of international and regional environmental law and the Singapore legal system. It describes, explains and critiques the applicable legal principles, legislative provisions and cases. Topics covered go beyond the traditional areas of criminal and civil liabilities in environmental regulation such as pollution control, waste management, nature conservation and climate change, to also include environmental governance issues such as procedural and substantive environmental rights. This book also considers developments in other jurisdictions where appropriate, for insights into potential areas for legislative or judicial reform.

Part I : General Introduction

Chapter 1         What Is Environmental Law?

Chapter 2         Sustainable Development

Chapter 3         Regulatory Approaches

Chapter 4         Environmental Governance

Part II: Cross-sectoral Laws

Chapter 5         International Environmental Law

Chapter 6         ASEAN Environmental Law

Chapter 7         Legal System

Chapter 8         Constitutional Environmental Rights and Judicial Review of Environmental Decisions

Chapter 9         Torts and Environmental Protection

Chapter 10       Urban Planning and Development Control

Part III: Pollution Prevention and Control

Chapter 11       Introduction

Chapter 12       Air Pollution Control

Chapter 13       Noise Pollution Control

Chapter 14       Water Pollution Control

Chapter 15         Land Pollution Control and Contamination Remediation

Chapter 16       Hazardous Substances and Organic Pollutants

Chapter 17         Marine Pollution Control

Chapter 18         Radiation Protection

Part IV: Waste Management

Chapter 19       Legislative History

Chapter 20       What Is Waste?

Chapter 21       Infrastructure

Chapter 22       Littering and Dumping

Chapter 23         Industrial Waste and Toxic Industrial Waste

Chapter 24         Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste

Chapter 25         Waste Minimisation and Waste Hierarchy

Chapter 26       Sustainable Consumption and the Law

Part V: Water Resource Management

Chapter 27       General

Chapter 28       Water Infrastructure

Chapter 29       Water Conservation

Chapter 30       Drinking Water and Recreational Water

Part VI: Nature Conservation and Wildlife Protection

Chapter 31       Nature Conservation and Biodiversity Management

Chapter 32       Protecting and Creating Nature Sites

Chapter 33       Wildlife Protection

Part VII: Climate Change and Ozone Depletion

Chapter 34       Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Chapter 35       Ozone Depletion



Lye Lin Heng taught Property Law, Environmental Law and Comparative Environmental Law for many years at the Law Faculty, National University of Singapore. She was Director of its Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law (APCEL) 2013–2017, and chaired the NUS multi-disciplinary MSc (Env Mgt) (MEM) programme’s Management Committee from its inception in 2001, to 2018. She was also Associate Professor at Yale University’s School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, teaching a course on Comparative Environmental Law from 2003 to 2019. She retired in July 2019 and is now Adjunct Professor teaching Environmental Law to the MEM and Law students. She has written numerous monographs and articles on Singapore’s environmental law.


Dr Joseph Chun is a partner in the Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) practice at Shook Lin & Bok LLP, where he specialises in environmental law. He is concurrently an adjunct associate professor and a member of the Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law (APCEL) at the Faculty of Law in the National University of Singapore (NUS), where he teaches environmental law. He also regularly works with green civil society groups on the legal aspects of advocacy projects, and serves on the Animal Welfare and Ethics Committee of Wildlife Reserves Singapore.




Publication Type:


CS Redeemable:


Date of Publication:

Sep 2019

ISBN Code:








Shipping to SG: